What is the influence of accessibility, changes of technology and affluence upon the growth of leisure, sport, and tourism?
Navigation:
Butler's tourist life cycle model
Niche tourism
Sport
Impact of tourism on Bali

Leisure at the local scale - Maastricht
EcoTourism
Leisure hierarchy
Intra Urban spatial patterns

Urban Regeneration

Sustainable Tourism


external image 13.jpg
1. Growth in Population
  • With more people there will be more people willing to take part in recreational activities

2. More leisure time
  • There are more elderly people who have more leisure time. They are growing older and are more active. They want to enjoy their retirement years.

3. Working week
  • The working week has decreased in hours over the last few decades which means more free time for people.

4.Holidays and Vacation
  • There are now longer holidays and people get paid vacations. These holidays are often spread over the year.
  • For example in France, employees get five weeks paid vacation. That is why France grinds to a halt during the month of August.

5. Higher salaries
  • People are earning higher salaries. They are becoming more affluent and therefore can pay for leisure activities more readily.

6. Mobility and Accesibility
  • There is greater mobility and accessibility. The communications and transport networks have improved. For example, the growth of high speed rail links in Western Europe.
external image planning-holiday-banner.jpg
7. Planning holiday
  • Growth of package holidays which have allowed more people to travel, decreasing people's anxieties about planning a holiday

8. Independent traveling
  • Growth of self-catering holidays and independent travel for the more adventurous.external image mba0060l.jpg

9. Tourism and Advertising industry
  • Growth of the tourism advertising industry - example the Vitamin V commercials in the Netherlands

10. Educated people
  • People are more educated now. More people want to know about other countries and cultures

11. Internet
  • The internet has made it easier for people to book flights, make hotel reservations, and has allowed them find out about different travel options, etc.

12. Airlines
  • Development and growth of low budget airlinesexternal image jman8l.jpg

13. Global economic and financial system

  • Integration of the global economic and financial system has made travelling even easier; for example the introduction of the euro in twelve European countries allowed for easier travelling without the loss of income due to fluctuating exchange rates.

14. Self-improvement and health
  • More focus on self-improvement and health has led to the growth of sport facilities; for example the growth of health centers.




BUTLER'S TOURIST LIFE CYCLE MODEL


butlermodel.jpg


Blackpool change in tourism.jpg

Application of the Butler Model to Blackpool, UK.


Change in Benidorm.png


Application of the Butler Model to Benidorm, Spain


NICHE TOURISM

gaytourism.jpg


There are different types of Niche tourism:
ADVENTURE TOURISM, AGRITOURISM, ANCESTRY TOURISM, CULTURAL TOURISM, DISASTER TOURISM, DRUG TOURISM, ECOTOURISM, GAMBLING TOURISM, HEALTH TOURISM, MEDICAL TOURISM, SEX TOURISM, SPORT TOURISM, SPACE TOURISM
Give some examples of each one.