WHAT IS THE ROLE OF SPORT AND RECREATION IN REGENERATION STRATEGIES OF URBAN AREAS?

The development of sport and recreational facilities can help a city to redevelop its neighborhoods and inner city. It can also help to promote the city's tourist industry and to create more income for services and local government. This can lead to the MULTIPLIER EFFECT.

Large-scale international events such as the Olympics and world cup soccer have allowed cities to redevelop declining inner cities and modernize suburbs. There are many examples of this. Just check the links below to see how South Africa is trying to profit from hosting the world cup soccer event in June 2010.


Other positive examples of urban regeneration have occurred in Atlanta and Barcelona, both after they hosted the Olympic games.
Atlantarenewal.jpg

Barcelonaolympics.jpg


Just building new sports stadiums and other recreational facilities can add a lot to a city and create new services such as shops and restaurants. This happened in San Diego, California when they built a new football stadium for the local team.
SanDiegostadium.jpg


SanDiegostadium2.jpg


However, urban regeneration schemes using sports as a vehicle are not always successful. In Sittard, the city decided to build a new football stadium for its local team just outside the city limits. It was to make a more modern stadium and to provide improved access for spectators. In addition, it was hoped that it would generate enough attraction to allow the building of shops and restaurants. The stadium was built but its role as an urban regenerator was a disaster. Shopkeepers in the city center were opposed since it would hurt their business, but hardly any entrepeneurs or possible businesses decided to locate themselves near the stadium. It was not attractive enough since it did not have the atmosphere of an old city center like Sittard with its market square and narrow shopping streets. The city hoped that enough businesses would locate themselves near the stadium so that enough income would be generated to pay off the costs of building the stadium. This did not happen and it resulted in an enormous loss for the city.
FortunaSittard.jpg

Urban Regeneration - South Africa





HOW HAS DOWNTOWN SAN DIEGO CHANGED OVER 30 YEARS?
1. What was Downtown San Diego like before urban regeneration? What did former San Diego mayor Pete Wilson say about San Diego after 5pm?
2. What kind of infrastructure do new sports facilities need?
3. Explain the multiplier effect of urban regeneration.